About Mongolia

Mongolia is the wonderful place where mix up landscapes of empty deserts, snow-capped mountains, dramatic gorges and sparkling lakes. Add Buddhist temples, mysterious ruins, abundant wildlife and legendary hospitality. As a travel destination, Mongolia is a special place for people who enjoy the outdoors and adventure. Heading out on vast plains, riding horses and camping with nomad's families, it offers chance to step back in time to a simpler age and way of life. It is an invigorating and exhilarating place to visit, and remains one of the last unspoiled travel destinations in Asia. Modern day Mongolia is a nation building a new place for itself in a world transformed by technology, global economics, large political changes and rapid regional development.

 

Land

Mongolia is a one of the few countries in the temperate belt of the northern hemisphere with its vast territory, perfect ecosystem and virgin land. Mongolia ranked as the seventh largest country in Asia for its territory, which covers an area of 1.564.100 sq.km. It is one of the land-locked countries. Mongolia bordered to the north by Russia and to the east, south and west by China. Its total borderline is 8161.8 km long, 3485 kms of which is with Russia and 4676.8 km is with China. Mongolian landscape is divided into different regional parts of are Gobi and desert zones in the south, flat and steppe zones in the east, taiga and forest zones in the north, and highest rocky mountain ranges in the west.

 

Climate

Mongolia lies in the temperature zone and has four extremely continental seasons: that is, hot summer and very cold winter. The country is situated at the heart of the central Asian continental, far from seas and oceans, in the lee of surrounding high mountains-all factors that contribute to be dry climate.

 

It has about 250 sunny days a year; as a result, Mongolia is called “Land of the blue sky”. All of the season, you feel like on top of the world.

 

Nomadic hospitality

There are few places in the world provide to get lifestyle experience that has not changed lot over hundreds of years. Learn to enjoy Mongolian hospitality: being by a family is the best way to discover the country. Traditions are so different that it is possible that you might unknowingly offend your guests in some way. The best way to observe what goes on around you is to enter a family ger for the first time. Moreover, stranger could enter a ger without because the hard conditions of Mongolian life have given them the tradition of friendliness and there is unwritten hospitality law exists. When a visitor enters a ger, herdsmen share their food , tea and make a conversation about your journey, and probably you might be asked stay overnight if you are late to move on next your destination. Before you leave a family, they wish you the best journey and standing outside of the ger until you leave the family.

 

Culture

Mongolia being a nomadic nation has developed a strong tradition of vocal music. The closeness to nature and the animal husbandry that the Mongolians have embraced for hundreds of years has enabled a variety of amazing vocal styles to develop. They can be divided into a number of categories; Long Song, Short Song, khomii (throat singing), Praise, Epic, Legend Songs, Games Songs, imitations and Sacred/Animist Song.

 

Urtyn duu (long song)

For the Mongolians, the long song evokes the vast drawn out steppes. Its nostalgic tendencies generate a preference for slow tempos, long melodic lines, wide pitch intervals and the absence of measured rhythm. The scale used is a five note (pentatonic) scale with no semi tones. Long songs are sung by women and men and are usually accompanied by the Morin Khuur (Horse Head Fiddle) or sometimes the Limbe (Transverse Flute).

 

Khoomii (Mongolian overtone singing)

Khoomii is a magical style of singing found in the central Asian Altai mountain range. It is particularly strong in Western Mongolia, Tuva (which is part of the Russian Federation), the Gorno Altai Region, Karkhassia, Baskhiria and the Kalmyk Mongol region by the Volga River. Khoomii is known as Overtone singing in the west and is a technique which allows one person to sing two or even three distinct pitches at the same time. The singer utilizes the harmonic or overtone series to do this.

 

Morin Khuur (horse headed fiddle)

Without doubt, the most quintessential of Mongolian instruments is the Morin Khuur, which loosely translates as the horse instrument but more affectionately as the Horse Head Fiddle. The Morin Khuur is Two Stringed spiked fiddle. The strings are made from the tail of a horse and run from the end of the spike at the base, over the wooden bridge on the body, over the nut and through the neck to the tuning pegs or ears. The strings are called thick and thin and also male and female.