The historical roots of Mongolians are the best explained in the 1204 AD text The Secret History of Mongols:
The ancestors of Chinggis Khaan- Burte Chono (meaning grey wolf) and his wife Gua Maral( meaning a beautiful deer), came dialing across the ocean and settled in mount Burkhan Khaldun, at the spring of the Onon river, and gave birth to a boy named Battsagaan.”
Thousands of years later, the existence of Mongolian nomads is as complicated to understand as the myths surrounding their origin.
ORIGINS OF MONGOLIANS
If you asked a Mongolian, are you a descendants of Burte Chono and Gua Maral?” they would probably agree with a nod and a vague smile. Of course, they know they are agreeing with mythological belief, but, these ideas have been inherited from their ancestors. To most Mongolians, a wolf is not just another animal, but a spirit of nature and men. The deer is an aesthetic expression of beauty and has strong ties early shamanism beliefs.
These longstanding beliefs can be seen on deer stones that date back to the Bronze Age and still standing today in Mongolia. On many Mongolian and southern Baikal style deer stones, the deer is portrayed as a heavenly messenger flying up to the sky. This style of carving stands out with its intricate detail and vivid fantasy. There are about 700 deer stones in the world. About 600 of those are in Mongolia and easily accessible to tourists.
MONGOLIANS AND THE NOMADIC LIFESTYLE
There are many stories of tourists being overwhelmed by the unreserved and open-hearted hospitality of the people who are maybe best known for once dominating half of the world However. If you look deeper into their Spirit you will witness how strong, stern nomadic men can be moved to tears by their race horses rushing to a finish line. How they sang and play music for a mother camel that has rejected her calf until she accepts it once more. How women sing to their domestic animals to calm them whole milking them.
It is astounding how the tough, rustic Mongolian nomads – who such harsh climates- show tender care towards animals, pants, and each other, have you heard of any other people nave designed their boots with soft, wide, curved soles to avoid hurting seedlings?
These are secrets hidden deep inside the simplicity of their lives. Mongolian nomads have a long tradition of soothing and comforting female animals that have rejected their newborns. To make a female sheep accept its own lamb or an orphan lamb a ritual called “toig” is practiced, a “chuugii” for goats, and a “khuuslukh” for camels. These rituals involve a form of singing technique used to calm the livestock.
For example -khuuslukh” is a ritual singing “khuus, khuus, khuus” to pacify the camel and stir the inner soul of the camel. A vivid example is beautifully portrayed in the documentary “The Story of the Weeping Camel.” These rituals are nomadic intangible heritages passed down from generation to generation and practiced even today.